Raimo Kaasila


PhD (Education); Master of Science (Mathematics)

Professor of Education, especially Studying and Developing Teacher Education, University of Oulu
Docent, Teacher Education, especially Mathematics Pedagogy, University of Lapland.

Faculty of Education

University of Oulu

90014 Oulu

email: Raimo.Kaasila@oulu.fi

+358 (0)294 483605

Research interests    


Research-based teacher education

Development of university pedagogy

Identity formation and reflection

Mathematical thinking and understanding

Beliefs and emotions in teacher education and mathematics education

Narrative and rhetorical methodologies

Academic writing and supervising in higher education

Participation in research projects and communities

Elementary teacher’s mathematics, a project funded by  Finnish Academy: researcher together with professor Erkki Pehkonen (University of Helsinki), Docent  Anu Laine (University of Helsinki) and professor Markku S. Hannula (University of Helsinki) years 2003 – 2006.

RAE2013 (Research Assessment Exercise 2013 of the University of Oulu): a principal investigator in the Research community “Living Stories” together with professor Leena Syrjälä and professor Eila Estola, years 2013 –


Reflecting Supervising: a principal investigator in the project together with Ari Sutinen, Sonja Lutovac and Hannu Juuso. International collaborators: Peter Liljedahl (Simon Fraser University, Canada), Nadia Stoyanova Kennedy (State University of New York, USA), and Marie-France Daniel (Université de Montréal, Canada), years 2013 -


Research collaborations 


Sonja Lutovac, University of Oulu, Finland

Anna-Maija Partanen, University of Lapland, Finland

Sanna Järvelä, University of Oulu, Finland

Ari Sutinen, University of Oulu, Finland

Hannu Juuso, University of Oulu, Finland

Markku S. Hannula, University of Helsinki, Finland

Anu Laine, University of Helsinki, Finland

Erkki Pehkonen, University of Helsinki, Finland

Anneli Lauriala, University of Lapland, Finland

Peter Liljedahl, Simon Fraser University, Canada

Bettina Rösken, Duisburg-Essen Universität, Germany

Tuija Turunen, University of Lapland, Finland

Raimo Rajala, University of Lapland, Finland

Eva Alerby, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden

Tuomo Glumoff, University of Oulu, Finland

Merja Maikkola, University of Oulu, Finland

Jyrki Komulainen, University of Oulu, Finland

Anne Pellikka, University of Oulu, Finland

Juho Oikarinen, University of Oulu, Finland



Selected  publications   


Lutovac, S. & Kaasila, R. 2014.  Pre-service teachers’ future-oriented mathematical identity work.  Educational Studies in Mathematics,  85(1), 129-142.


Kaasila, R. & Lutovac, S. 2014. Developing research relationship toward a learning partnership. Accepted:  Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research.


Partanen, A.-M. & Kaasila, R. 2014. Sociomathematical norms in the dicussions of two small groups investigating calculus. Accepted: International Journal of Science and Mathematics Teaching


Kaasila. R., Lutovac, S. & Lauriala, A. 2014. The meaning of teaching practice in developing research- based teacher education in mathematics education context in Finland.  In Javier Calvo de Mora & Keith Wood (eds). Practical knowledge in teacher education – Approaches to teacher internships programs. London: Routledge


Oikarinen. J., Järvelä, S. & Kaasila, R. 2014. Finnish Upper Secondary Students' Collaborative Processes in Learning Statistics in CSCL Environment. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology.45(3), 325-348.

Kaasila, R., Lutovac, S., Maikkola, M. & Komulainen, J. (in process) “Nobody can stop them!” -  Proactive coping as a facilitator of university lecturers’ Upward spiral..

Lutovac, S. & Kaasila, R. 2013. Dialogue between past and future mathematical identities. Nordic Studies in Mathematics Education 17(3-4), 125-140.


Partanen, A.-M. & Kaasila, R. 2013. Gendered styles of linguistic peer interaction and equity of participation in a small group investigating mathematics. In C. Smith (ed.)  Proceedings of the Conference of  the British Society for Research into Learning Mathematics 32(3). University of Cambridge, pp. 150-155.


Lutovac, S. & Kaasila, R. 2013.  Finnish and Slovenian pre-service teachers’ possible mathematical identities.  In press, In  M. Hannula, A. Laine & P. Portaankorva-Koivisto (eds.)  Current state of research on mathematical beliefs XVIII. Proceedings of the MAVI-18 Conference. September 12-15, 2013, University of Helsinki.


Kaasila, R. & Lauriala, A. 2012.  How do pre-service teachers’ reflective processes differ in relation to different contexts?  European Journal of Teacher Education 35(1), 77-88.


Kaasila, R., Hannula, M.S. & Laine, A. 2012 “My personal relationship towards mathematics has necessarily not changed but…” Analyzing pre-service teachers’ mathematical identity talk. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Teaching, 10(4), 975-995.


Kaasila, R. & Lutovac, S. 2012 Shared scientific benefits for the mentor and the mentee: a self-study of  doctoral student supervision in international, collaborative context. In K. Määttä & S. Uusiautti (eds.) "Obsessed with the Doctoral Theses. What is the Supervision and Support the Doctorates tell to need in the Phases of Dissertation Process?" Rotterdam/Taipei: SENSE Publisher, pp. 109-116.


Turunen, T., Kaasila, R. & Lauriala, A. 2012. Establishing a cooperative writing group among teacher educators: possibilities and challenges. Problems of Education in the 21st Century, 43, 119-130.


Lutovac, S. & Kaasila, R. 2011. Beginning a pre-service teacher’s mathematical identity work through narrative rehabilitation and bibliotherapy. Teaching in Higher Education. 16(2), 225 – 236.


Hannula, M.S., Laine, A., Pehkonen, E. & Kaasila, R. 2011.  Learning density of numbers in elementary teacher education. In G. Gunnarsdóttir (ed.)  NORMA 6, Proceedings of The sixth Nordic Conference on Mathematics Education. Reykjavík on May 11th – 14th 2011.


Kaasila, R. & Lutovac, S. 2011. Developing doctoral student mentoring through narrative teaching strategies. In  J.P. Henderson & A.D. Lawrence (eds.)Teaching Strategies. New York: Nova Science Publisher,  pp. 203-218.


Rösken, B., Hannula, M.S., Pehkonen, E., Kaasila, R. & Laine, A. (2011) Structuring students' view of learning mathematics. In: L. Burman, O. Björkqvist & A-S. Röj-Lindberg (Eds.) Long-term Research in the Didactics of Mathematics and Science. Åbo Akademi University: Report from the Faculty of Education 31, pp. 202-210.  


Kaasila, R. & Lauriala, A.  2010. Towards a collaborative, interactionist model of teacher change. Teaching and Teacher Education 26 (4), 854-862.


Kaasila, R., Pehkonen, E. & Hellinen, A. 2010. Finnish pre-service teachers’ and upper secondary students’ understanding on division and reasoning strategies used. Educational Studies in Mathematics 73(3), 247-261.


Lutovac, S. & Kaasila, R. 2010. How to Apply the Process of Emplotment Using the Narrative Approach in Mathematics Education. Didactica Slovenica 25 (3-4), 92-109.   


Pehkonen, E. & Kaasila, R. 2010. Misleading strategies used in non standard division problem. In A. Ambrus & E. Vasarhelyi (Eds.) Problem Solving in Mathematics Education. Published in the Proceedings  of  the 11th ProMath Conference , September 3-6, 2009 in Budapest. Eotvos Lorand University, 103-113.


Kaasila, R. & Pehkonen, E. 2009. Effective teaching through the eyes of Finnish teacher students.

In J. Cai, G. Kaiser, B. Perry & N.Y. Wong (eds.) Effective Mathematics Teaching from Teachers’ Perspectives: National and Cross-National Studies. Rotterdam/Taipei: SENSE  Publisher, 203-216.     


Pehkonen, E. & Kaasila, R. 2009. Understanding and reasoning in a non-standard division task. In: Proceedings of the Psychology of Mathematics Education 33 (eds. M. Tzekaki, M. Kaldrimidou & Sakonidis, H.), Vol. 4, 345–352. Thessaloniki, Greece.


Lutovac, S. & Kaasila, R. 2009. Using narratives as innovative tools in Finnish teacher education. In S. Pavlin & A. N. Judge (Eds.), Proceedings of the Conference ”Development of Competencies in the World of Work and Education”, (pp. 355-359). University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.


Raimo Kaasila (toim.) 2009. Matematiikan ja luonnontieteiden opetuksen tutkimuspäivät Rovaniemellä 7.-8.11.2008. Yliopistopaino. Rovaniemi.


Kaasila, R., Hannula, M.S, Laine, A. & Pehkonen, E. 2008. Socio-emotional orientations and teacher

change. Educational Studies in Mathematics 67 (2), 111-123.


Kaasila, R., Hannula, M.S., Laine, A. & Pehkonen, E. 2008  Evaluating admission procedures for teacher education in Finland. Teaching Mathematics and Computer Science 6/1, 231-243.


Kaasila, R. & Lauriala, A. 2008. Interactionistic perspective on student teacher development during problem-based teaching practice. In G. Ollington (ed.) Teaching strategies, Innovations and Problem Solving. New York: Nova Science Publisher, 257-282.


Raimo Kaasila,  Raimo Rajala. & K.E. Nurmi, toim.) 2008. Narratiivikirja – menetelmiä ja esimerkkejä.  Rovaniemi: Lapin yliopistopaino.


Kaasila, R. 2008. ”Matka matemaattiseen minään” -  kirjallisuusterapian soveltaminen luokanopettajakoulutuksessa. Teoksessa Esa Poikela & Sari Poikela (toim.) Tutkimustarinoita Ounaksen varrelta.  Rovaniemi: Lapin yliopistokustannus, 103-125.


Kaasila, R. 2007. Mathematical Biography and Key Rhetoric. Educational Studies in Mathematics 66 (3),



Kaasila, R. 2007. Using narrative inquiry for investigating the becoming of a mathematics teacher. ZDM – International Journal of Mathematics Education 39 (3), 205-213.


Hannula, M.S., Kaasila, R., Pehkonen, E. & Laine, A. 2007. Elementary education students’ memories of mathematics in family context. In: Proceedings of the PME-31 conference (eds.) Wo, J.-H., Lew, H.-C., Park, K.-S. & Seo D.-Y.), Vol 3, pp. 1–8. Seoul: The Korea Society of Educational Studies in Mathematics.


Hannula, M.S; Liljedal, P; Kaasila, R.. & Rösken, B. 2007. Researching relief of mathematics anxiety among elementary teacher students. In: Proceedings of the PME-31 conference (eds. Wo, J.-H., Lew, H.-C., Park, K.-S. & Seo D.-Y.), Vol 1. pp. 153-156. Seoul: The Korea Society of Educational Studies in Mathematics.


Rösken, B., Hannula, M.S., Pehkonen, E., Kaasila, R. & Laine, A. 2007. Identifying Dimensions of Students' View of Mathematics. In Proceedings of CERME 5: Fifth Conference of the European Society for Research in Mathematics Education, 22nd of February to 26th of February 2007 in Larnaca, Cyprus.


Laine, A. & Kaasila, R. 2007. Elementary teacher program. In M. Ahtee, J. Lavonen & E. Pehkonen (eds.) How Finns Learn Mathematics and Science.  Rotterdam/Taipei: SENSE Publisher, 131-140.


Kaasila, R., Hannula, M.S., Laine, A. & Pehkonen, E. 2007. Millä tavalla luokanopettajaopiskelijoiden matematiikkakuvan  muutosta voidaan edistää? Teoksessa Jari Lavonen (toim.) Tutkimusperäinen opettajankoulutus ja kestävä kehitys. Ainedidaktinen symposiumi Helsingissä 3.2.2006. Osa 1. Helsingin yliopiston soveltavan kasvatustieteen laitos. Tutkimuksia 285, 349-359.


Kaasila, R., Hannula, M, Laine, A. & Pehkonen, E. 2007. How do teacher trainees talk about the change after mathematics education course? In K. Hoskonen & M. Hannula (eds.) Current State of  Research on Mathematical Beliefs XII, Inari, Finland, May 25-28. University of Helsinki, Faculty of Behavioral Sciences. Research report 288, 35-46.


Kaasila, R., Hannula, M. S., Laine, A. & Pehkonen, E. 2006. Facilitators for change of elementary teacher student’s view of mathematics. In Novotná, J., Moraová, H., Krátká, M. & Stehlíková, N. (eds.). Proceedings 30th Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, Vol. 3, pp. 385-392. Prague: PME.

Hannula, M. S., Kaasila, R., Laine, A. & Pehkonen, E. 2006. The structure of student teacher’s view of mathematics at the beginning of their studies. In M. Bosch (ed.) Proceedings of the Fourth Congress of the European Society for Research in Mathematics Education. Sant Feliu de Guíxols, Spain – 17 - 21 February 2005, 205 – 214. Fundemi IQS –  Universitat Ramon Llull.

Kaasila, R., Hannula, M. S., Laine, A. & Pehkonen, E. 2006. Autobiographical Narratives, Identity and View of Mathematics. In M. Bosch (ed.) Proceedings of the Fourth Congress of the European Society for Research in Mathematics Education. Sant Feliu de Guíxols, Spain – 17 - 21 February 2005, 215 – 224. Fundemi IQS – Universitat Ramon Llull.

Kaasila, R. 2006. Reducing Mathematics Anxiety of Elementary Teacher Students by Handling their Memories from School Time. In E. Pehkonen, G. Brandell & C. Winslow (eds.) Nordic Presentations. Proceedings of the section Nordic Presentations at ICME 10 –conference. July 12, 2004 in Copenhagen. University of Helsinki. Department of Applied Sciences of Education. Research Report 265, 51-56. 


Hannula, M.S., Kaasila, R., Laine A. & Pehkonen, E. 2005. Structure and typical profiles of elementary teacher students’ view of mathematics. In H. L. Chick & J. L. Vincent (eds.) Proceedings of the 29th Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education. Vol  3, 41 – 48. Melbourne: PME.

Kaasila, R., Laine, A., Hannula, M. & Pehkonen, E. 2005.
Pre-service Elementary Teachers’ Understanding on Division and Strategies used.  In E. Pehkonen (ed.) Problem Solving in Mathematics Education. Proceedings of  the ProMath conference  June 30 – July 2. Lahti.  University of Helsinki, Faculty of Behavioral Sciences. Research report 261, 83-94.


Kaasila, R., Pehkonen, E., Hannula. M. & Laine, A. 2004. Preservice elementary teachers self-confidence in mathematics at the beginning of their studies.  A paper published in the Proceedings of ICME-10 Congress. The 10th International Congress on Mathematical Education, July 4-11, 2004, Copenhagen.  International Commission on Mathematical Instruction (ICMI) 2004, TSG 23.     


Kaasila, R. 2004. Cooperation among elementary teacher trainees in teaching practice: The case of mathematics. In A. Laine, J. Lavonen & V. Meisalo  (eds.) Current Research on Mathematics and Science Education.. Department of Applied Sciences of Education. University of Helsinki. Research report 253, 159-177.  


Laine, A., Kaasila, R., Hannula, M. & Pehkonen, E. 2004. Pre-service elementary teachers’ certainty estimations in mathematics tasks measuring understanding and calculation skills. In Merenluoto, K. &  Mikkilä-Erdmann (eds.) Learning research challenges the domain specific approaches in teaching: a symposium for research on teaching and learning, 14.5.2004 Turku.  Department of Teacher Education, University of Tur ku 2004, 55-66.


Kaasila, R., Laine; A. & Pehkonen, E. 2004. Luokanopettajaksi opiskelevien matematiikkakuva ja sen muuttuminen. Teoksessa P. Räsänen, P. Kupari, T. Ahonen & P. Malinen (toim.) Matematiikka – näkökulmia opettamiseen ja oppimiseen. Niilo Mäki Instituutti, 397-413.    


Kaasila, R. 2003. Kahden koulumatematiikassa hyvin menestyneen luokanopettajaopiskelijan matemaattiset elämäkerrat. Teoksessa A. Virta & O. Marttila (toim.) Opettaja, asiantuntijuus ja yhteiskunta. Ainedidaktinen symposium 7.2.2003. Turun yliopiston kasvatustieteiden tiedekunnan julkaisuja. B 72, 197-204.   


Kaasila, R. 2002. “There’s Someone Else in the Same Boat After All.” Preservice Elementary  Teachers’ Identification with the Mathematical Biography of Other Students. In Martino. P. (ed.) Current State of  Research on Mathematical Beliefs XI, Pisa, Italy,   April 4-8, 2002, University of Pisa. Department of Mathematics, 65-75. 


Kaasila, R. 2001. Change in Preservice Teachers' Conceptions on Mathematics Teaching and in Instructional Practices. In Soro, R. (ed.) Current State of  Research on Mathematical Beliefs X, Kristianstad, Sweden, June 2-6, University of Turku. Department of Teacher Education.Print nr. 1, 33-40.


Kaasila, R. 2000. “ELÄYDYIN OPPILAIDEN ASEMAAN.”   Luokanopettajaksi opiskelevien kouluaikaisten muistikuvien merkitys matematiikkaa koskevien käsitysten ja opetuskäytäntöjen muotoutumisessa.  [‘An insight into the role of pupils.’ The significance of school recollections in the formation of the conceptions and teaching practices of mathematics for preservice teachers], Acta Universitatis Lapponiensis 32. Rovaniemi  Väitöskirja, Dissertation. Available only in Finnish.


Kaasila, R. 1998. Oppimisteorioiden käytöstä matematiikan opetuksessa peruskoulun ala-asteella: meta-analyysi geometrian käsitteiden oppimisesta LOGO-ympäristössä. Teoksessa J. Leinonen (toim.) Teorian ja käytännön vuorovaikutus ainedidaktiikassa. Matematiikan ja luonnontieteiden opetuksen tutkimusseuran päivät 26-27.9.1997. Lapin yliopiston kasvatustieteellisiä julkaisuja. C 17,  55-68.


Kaasila, R. 1997. Sosiaalisen konstruktivismin asemasta matematiikan opetuksessa.  Teoksessa Eskola, J.  (toim.) Reflektio, realismi, konstruktionismi sekä muita kasvatustieteellisiä teemoja Lapin yliopiston kasvatustieteellisiä julkaisuja. C 15, 65-81.


Kaasila, R. 1997. Konstruktivismin eri muodot matematiikan opetuksessa peruskou­lun ala-asteella. Lapin yliopiston kasvatustieteellisiä julkaisuja. Sarja B, Tutkimusraportteja ja selvityksiä. No. 26.


Kaasila, R. 1995. Keskeisten matemaattisten käsitteiden omaksuminen LOGO-oppimisympäristössä. Teoksessa J. Eskola, (toim.) Tätä tutkimme. Lapin yliopiston kasvatustieteiden tiedekunnan tutkimushankkeita. Lapin yliopiston kasvatustieteellisiä julkaisuja. C 12, 41-48.