THE PASSIVE

 

In scientific text, we often want to create a sense of detachment from the object of our study and give an impersonal, objective account of  a procedure. In cases like these, we often use the passive.

TO FORM THE PASSIVE

active verb

part of the verb "to be" which agrees with the subject + past participle (= 3rd part of verb)        

 

active                                                    passive

  we use the passive                            the passive is used

 

tense   active passive
simple present   we heat the water   the water is heated  
present continuous   we are heating the water   the water is being heated  
simple past   we heated the water   the water was heated  
past continuous   we were heating the water   the water was being heated  
present perfect   we have heated the water   the water has been heated  
past perfect   we had heated the water   the water had been heated  
future   we will heat the water   the water will be heated  

TOP  

LINK: GUIDE TO GRAMMAR AND WRITING : THE PASSIVE VOICE 
(pages by Charles Darling at Capital Community College which include information and an exercise)

 

click here to go back to the VERBS IN TECHNICAL REPORTS menu 

 

S.McAnsh 2002