What is oboe d'amore?
Oboe d'amore is the alto or mezzosoprano member of the oboe family. The
whole family is called the doublereeds and it includes today the following
instruments from the smallest to the biggest:
In the baroque time, there were also instruments like oboe da caccia and
taille, which are substituted by the english horn in modern performances.
english horn or cor anglais
baritone oboe or bass oboe
bassoon or fagott
contrabassoon or contrafagott
In the 18th century, there were also oboes with the same size and the
same pitch (A) as the oboe d'amore, but without the pear-shaped bell. These
were called just as 'oboe', 'oboe grande' or 'haute-contre'.
According to the present knowledge, the oboe d'amore was at the first
time used in 1717 by Christoph Graupner in his Cantata Wie wunderbar
ist Gottes Güt. The instrument was used by J.S.Bach, G.P.Telemann,
the Graun brothers, C.Graupner, G.H.Stölzel, J.M.Böhm, A.Lotti,
J.H.Roman and a few others. Possibly the last to write for oboe d'amore
in the 18th century was C.D. von Dittersdorf.
The oboe d'amore was re-established in the second half of the 19th century
and it is used both in presentations of baroque music and in modern compositions.
The composers who have used the oboe d'amore after the new rise of the
instrument include Debussy,
R.Strauss, Ravel, Koechlin, Delius, Henze, Takemitsu
If you want to see a modern oboe d'amore, click
A list of academic dissertations
concerning the oboe d'amore.
compositions for/with oboe d'amore
to other sites with information on oboe d'amore
Copyright ©1996, Timo Jämsä
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